This is the so called Zeno map of the North Atlantic – a document that was said to be published in 1558 but was made in 1400. This is a map of the alleged voyage of the Zeno Brothers to the North Atlantic which had also reached the North America. They then claimed to have discovered the New World even before the time of Christopher Columbus.
Upon inspection of the map, I have noticed the grid lines which was placed on top of the map objects giving the map a visually tiring appearance. I, for example, tend to give more focus on the lines primarily and it interferes with my map reading. This also gives me the notion that the grids may be a more important aspect of the diagram. Their importance, as far as my knowledge can help me, is to show the reader of the projection used – it gives the readers a sense of how distorted the map is as compared to reality. Also, the graduations in the grid lines suggests location, this gives this map a sense of being searchable. These, for me, may not be good enough reasons for putting the lines on top of the more important features.
It was said that this map also told some narratives as to how it had come to be and was said to be a total hoax as scrutinized by most historians.
The publication details indicated at the top portion of the map, however, contradicts these claims against the authenticity of the map. This gives this map extra credibility, which is only applicaable, if the sources were noted to be trustworthy enough.
Visually, the map is very plain and simple. No colors were used in this print. This may be attributed to the time when this map was published, their technology in cartography was limited to their resources. The items in the map objects though are commendable as they are spaced out and they don’t congest at just one point.
The fonts used also helped in the story telling, it tells the readers of the hierarchy of the places included in the map. Those places labeled in bold letters were marked as important relative to those in plain fonts. Also, another distinction in the labels are those in italics.
But one must not simply believe maps presented to them immediately, as this map seems to have non-existing islands according to the historians who were concerned with its validity.